Warffum station ca.1910, collection Groninger Archives

In the nineteenth century the roads were improved. Artificial roads were also constructed in the vicinity of the Trekvaartroute Boterdiep. Transport by horse and carriage was faster and more attractive. Thus, the popularity of the barge already began to decline. At the end of the nineteenth century, North Groningen was also provided with railways. This was the final blow for the barge transport, which was immediately labeled as old-fashioned. Onderdendam was left out and was not given a railway line. This marked the end of the heyday in this place.

Shipping in the 20ste century
Turn ships of farmers and market ships, however, continued to transport merchandise to the market in Groningen for a long time. Brick factories (such as Ceres, near Rottum) stood along the Boterdiep. The clay was very suitable for the stone industry and the stones were transported by boat. Grain mills also continued to use water transport.


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