The rise of the barge system on the Hoogeland of Groningen. A brief overview.
- Barge services started around 1660 between Warffum, Groningen and Uithuizen.
The barge (snik) was provided with a mast to which a towing line was attached. The ship was pulled by a draft horse, accompanied by a snikjong, along the towpath.
- In the 17the and 18the century travel by barge became more and more popular, with more and more regular services. The barge did not go fast, on average
7 kilometers per hour.
- In the 19the century there was an extensive network of barge canals in the province of Groningen, with the city of Groningen as the center. Onderdendam was an important center of all shipping traffic in the northern part of the province. The tow barges run according to a strict timetable.
The government strictly supervised the organization through ordinances.
- The barge system required new infrastructure, such as barge canals, towpaths, rolling poles, toll gates and toll booths, ferry houses and booths.
- In the course of the 19th century, better roads were built, which increased carriage by horse and carriage. The arrival of the railways in Groningen, late 19the century, became the death knell for towing water transport.
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